Jul 12, 2004 - Source: Auriga Inc.

Auriga presents new statistical analysis and research of Russian IT Graduates

Auriga, Inc. has done research to estimate the number of IT specialists who graduate annually from Russian universities. The effort is rooted in the need to better understand and assess Russia's IT capabilities in terms of the nation's technology resources. The task seemed all the more important as there are no relevant official statistics and various sources provide multiple estimates.

A quantitative indicator of the nation's intellectual potential is significant for Russia to advance in the global software development market. In fact, Russia possesses a unique intellectual capital and is known for its well-educated IT talent pool. However, counting new graduates entering the IT workforce is a tough task. Availability of statistics in this area is all the more important to Russia because for western companies seeking IT outsourcing vendors this data is among the factors that determine their choice.

Auriga's findings are mainly based on the analysis of the data presented in two statistical reports entitled "Summary Data for Higher Education Graduates: 2002-2003 Academic Year" and "Summary Data for Higher Education Graduates: 2003-2004 Academic Year". The reports were released in 2003 and 2004, respectively, by the Center for Processing and Distribution of Statistical Data affiliated to the Russian State Statistics Committee. We analyzed statistical data for the sections "Graduates of Russia's Higher Educational Institutions, by Specialty: 2002-2003" and "Graduates of Russia's Higher Educational Institutions, by Specialty: 2003-2004", and did a comparative analysis to uncover trends, which may help identify the IT workforce needs and proactively address them. In addition, we studied Computer Science curricula and syllabuses of a selection of Engineering Universities in Moscow and some other regions of Russia.

Our research findings revealed that in 2004 the number of IT graduates with Master's degrees in Computer Science or with software engineering majors will amount to 68,126 people, up 6.9% from 2003. This group of professionals covers the following specialties: Computer Science (Specialty Group Code # 220000); Electronics, Radio and Communication Engineering (Specialty Group Code # 200000); Automatic Control and System Engineering (Specialty Group Code # 210000); Instrumentation Engineering (Specialty Group Code # 190000); Computer and Information Sciences [in Education] (Specialty Code # 030100); and a group of specialties in Mathematics and Physics (Specialty Group Codes ## 010100 - 010800).

In addition, another 76,435 graduates are specialists in various engineering fields with advanced academic training in Computer Science which allows them to enter the IT workforce. Their Computer Science training covered courses like Information Science, Software Engineering, Computer Design and Engineering, Information Technology, Internet Technology, et al, which ranged from 340 hours to 1770 hours for different specialties, such as electrical engineering, mechanics engineering, aerospace engineering, civil engineering, and others. This group of graduates was supplemented with 81,270 non-engineering professionals in such areas as Industrial Economics & Management (Specialty Code # 060800), Mathematical Methods for Economics (Specialty Code # 061800) , at al, who also received advanced computer training.

These findings came as a result of our analysis of Computing curricula and syllabuses of a number of Engineering and Non-Engineering Universities. The analysis revealed that some schools of these universities provide Computer Science training that equips their graduates with the skills that will enable them to join the IT workforce. Therefore, we added the above mentioned groups of graduates to the total number of the fresh IT labor supply. It is also worth mentioning that these curricula requirements well compare with those of India's 3-month computer training program which allows Indian graduates to seek employment as programmers.

Thus, Russia's potential fresh IT labor supply represented by higher education graduates will amount to a total of 225,831 people by the end of the 2003-2004 academic year, up 11.2 % from the 2002-2003 academic year, which vividly demonstrates the Russian IT workforce growth trend.

Supplement IT Graduates in India and Russia: Statistical Data

India IT Labor Supply / Software Industry
  2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
Number of engineering graduates 201,246 233,947 259,130 294,251 327,013 368,672
Degree (4-year course) 82,107 109,376 128,877 151,856 178,922 214,658
Diploma (3-year course) 119,139 124,572 130,252 142,395 148,091 154,014
Number of IT (Com Sc, Electronics, Telecom) professionals
Engineering IT graduates (degree) 53,370 71,066 81,423 93,968 99,162 109,983
Engineering IT graduates (diploma) 41,128 44,175 45,221 45,871 47,017 48,193
Total 94,498 115,241 126,644 139,839 146,179 158,176
Number of IT professionals entering workforce 74,364 90,867 71,961 79,593 83,233 90,152
Engineering IT graduates (degree) 42,696 56,853 47,225 54,502 57,514 63,790
Engineering IT graduates (diploma) 31,669 34,015 24,736 25,091 25,719 26,362
Number of non-IT engineers entering IT workforce 32,025 35,612 39,746 46,324 54,250 63,149
Number of graduates (other disciplines) entering IT workforce 26,597 31,620 34,926 39,205 42,446 47,061
Total fresh IT labor supply 132,986 158,099 146,633 165,121 179,929 200,362

Source: Nasscom

Russia's New IT Labor
  2002 - 2003 2003 - 2004
Number of IT engineering (Com Sc, Electronics, Telecom) graduates 42,138 45,994
Number of math and physics graduates 21,577 22,132
Number of non-IT engineering graduates capable of entering IT workforce 69,072 76,435
Number of graduates (other disciplines) capable of entering IT workforce 70,631 81,270
Total fresh IT labor supply 203,418 225,831

Source: Auriga Research, 2004